Cannabis Terms Defined

If you’ve been a medicinal cannabis user for a while, then you may already be familiar with the term “demo”, or other industry terms in the dispensary world. But if you’re new to the scene we’re going to fill you in on some lesser known cannabis lingo so you have a clear understanding of the industry in 2019.



The OG version of cannabis, “flower” refers to the smokable, tri-chrome-covered part of the female cannabis plant. Flower is the most popular and diverse product in the cannabis market, and is available in countless strains that each offer their own unique experience.


Cannabis indica is one of the two major types of cannabis strains, and known for its relaxing qualities. Indica plants are short, bushy plants with wide leaves and typically grow faster than cannabis sativa plants. Indica-dominant strains will be higher in CBD count and lower in THC concentration, and can help with mental relaxation, increasing appetite, muscle relaxation, combatting nausea, and aiding in sleep. Indica-dominant cannabis products are a great way to unwind after a busy day.


Cannabis sativa is the other major types of cannabis plants, and sativa strains are known for their daytime functionality and mental excitation. Sativa plants grow tall, narrow leaves and have higher THC counts and lower CBD concentration. Sativa strains help with creativity, treating chronic pain, easing anxiety and stimulating concentration. Sativas are best for daytime use and social situations.

Raw Garden Sauce


Cannabis concentrates are products made from the cannabis plant that have been processed down to their most pure elements – mostly cannabinoids and terpenes. Concentrates are stronger cannabis products that contain high levels of THC, and very little plant matter. Popular concentrates are shatter, budder, badder and crumble, and some require a special dabbing rig to enjoy. If you have questions about concentrates, then ask one of our staff members for more information about how to enjoy them.


Cannabis tinctures are a liquid mixture of cannabis with a carrier substance such as coconut oil or alcohol. These oils are typically highly concentrated and can contain anywhere from 100-500mg of cannabinoids. Tinctures are consumed orally / sublingually (under the tongue) and absorb quickly into the bloodstream for onset within 15-20 minutes. Tinctures are a great value since they are highly concentrated and usually do not contain additives like edibles do.



One of our favorite cannabis terms to treat consumers – BOGO – is an acronym that stands for “buy one, get one”. For example, buy one edible get another one for $1. If you see BOGO in an email or a text from us, you’re in for a great deal! 


Short for demonstration, demos act as a chance for new consumers to learn more about a specific brand, farm or product of cannabis through professional demonstration. During the demo most of our brands will offer a special deal, such as BOGO, B2GO (buy two get one), or penny products! Whenever you hear about a demo make sure to stop in or read more about what deal is being offered!


A cannabinoid is a class of chemical compounds that acts on the endocannabinoid system, which regulates the brain, endocrine and immune systems in all mammals. Popular cannabinoids are THC Delta A, Cannabidiol (CBD), and Cannabinol (CBN), but there are hundreds! Cannabinoids help regulate the body’s stasis and play a part in pain management, mental excitation and relaxation, inflammation, and stress management.


The Endocannabinoid System is a bodily system existing in all mammals that is designed to respond to the environment. ECS exists before we’re born, even if one has NOT consumed cannabis. ECS helps explains how cannabis works in the body, but cannabis is not why it exists.

For example, think about adrenaline: you experience fear in your reality and your body responds with the production of adrenaline. Endocannabinoids are produced in the brain and in different tissues around the body and they act on cannabinoid receptors CB1 + CB2. When they bond, we feel a response. Endocannabinoid levels increase due to hunger, stress, pain, exercise etc. The benefits can be anything from increased appetite, pain and stress relief, relaxation, hormone balance and the list goes on.

Diagram by InMedPharma, click to read full article.

Diagram by InMedPharma, click to read full article.


THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the most well known cannabinoid in cannabis and is the primary psychoactive chemical that causes a euphoric “high” feeling. Different products contain different levels of THC, and greater THC concentration will lead to a stronger psychoactive experience. But THC does more than just get you high, there are a myriad of benefits associated with this cannabinoid. THC is beneficial for pain relief, anti nausea, brain stimulation, and for some can be a helpful sleep aid. When micro-dosed, these benefits can still be felt but without the high, especially when combined with CBD.


Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the most powerful cannabinoids and is known for its physically and mentally therapeutic effects, but without the high. CBD is gaining popularity by the minute and consumers can buy CBD products just about anywhere – but we suggest getting your CBD from a licensed dispensary to ensure it is a high quality product. CBD has little to no psychoactive effects, and actually contains anti-psychoactive properties which combat the effects of THC. CBD products are used to treat inflammation, combat stress, PTSD, and can ease pain and discomfort.


Cannabinol (CBN) is a popular cannabinoid found in aged cannabis that is known for its powerful sedative effects. Higher levels of CBN in any cannabis product provide a particularly effective option for battling insomnia and reducing anxiety. CBN may also be most effective for inducing sleep in combination with other cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.


Cannabigerol (CBG) is another non-psychoactive cannabinoid typically found abundantly in low THC strains including hemp. Similarly to CBD, CBG can help alleviate paranoia that can sometimes be caused by high levels of THC. Additional benefits of CBG include fighting inflammation, pain, and nausea, and it can even slow the growth of cancer cells. Early research has shown that CBG significantly reduces intraocular eye pressure caused by glaucoma.


Terpenes  - sometimes called “terps” – are naturally occurring mixtures of carbon and hydrogen (hydrocarbons) that give cannabis plants their unique smell and color. Terpenes are naturally occurring oils inside plants that give them their unique smells and tastes. In cannabis, Terpenes are produced in the trichromes, which are the crystals that cover the leaves and buds of cannabis plants.

In cannabis, Pinene, Linalool, Beta Caryophyllene, Myrcene and Limonene are the most popular Terpenes. Terpene profiles within specific strains add not only flavor and smell, but also to the effect of that strain. For example, Limonene is found in citrus, and is also found in cannabis strains such as Super Lemon Haze and Strawberry Lemonade, so you can expect uplifting, energizing effects in citrus-y strains. Learn more about terpenes so you can really find the effect you’re looking for!

Diagram by Alchimia, click to learn more about individual terpenes.

Visit Us for More Information

If you have any question about cannabis, CBD products, or marijuana in general, then visit our dispensary. Our team is happy to answer and questions about marijuana that you may have. Together, we can help find the right products for you so that you can enjoy cannabis more thoroughly, and safely. We also encourage you to try different cannabinoids and products to see what’s right for you! Every body is different so you may not have the typical reaction described above so we strongly support trial and error.

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Alexa Jesse

My name is Alexa and I am a New York native that moved to San Francisco, California in October of 2015. Gypsy Universe is a reflection of my personal wellness and creative journey, inspired by the loss of my best friend and my own near death experience.  I have been a closet singer my whole life and I finally decided to stop dreaming and start living. I am a singer, a writer, a traveler, a sister, a lover, and a planet earth activist. I am also a certified Health Coach and Pilates instructor. Follow my journey for travel tips, plant-based lifestyle how-to's, original music and more!